HeritageINDIA Student Krish Jayarapu identifies sustainable approaches in village living

HeritageINDIA Student Krish Jayarapu identifies sustainable approaches in village living

August 9, 2019 | Author: Krish Jayarapu, HeritageINDIA2019 Cohort

Village Sustainability by Krish Jayarapu

The sustainability and development of small towns and villages was always a subject that interested me. We visited a village of the name Bhumel. When I first heard we were going to a village, I was excited. How villages function and how they continue to progress with modern society is a topic that really jumped out at me. What was especially striking to me were how farms operated as they are a perfect example of how sustainability can play out in real time.
A conversation with local villagers
Farms in America and India are similar, but have some major differences as well. One main difference that I found was the use of technology. Despite lacking efficient advanced resources,  the farms in India manage to effectively continue their farming business. Another was that of sustainability. Farms in India typically grow a variety of crops so that the farmers won’t have to buy crops for consuming. To further clarify, the farm that we visited had a lime tree, berry trees, corn for making cow food, and many other crops. This brings up another difference between the two agricultural industries. Indian farms grow food not only for themselves, but for their livestock as well. Typically in America, livestock feed is bought from another corporation. Ultimately, despite the differences between American farms and Indian farms, both can effectively continue to grow.

The main source of income for the farm we specifically visited was from milk. Milk is the lifeblood for the farmers of Bhumel and all the neighboring villages. There is a major milk processing company owned by the farmers themselves called Amul. Now when I first heard this, I was really interested. I was thinking that this was sustainability on a whole another level. Most of the profits that Amul makes goes back to the farmers who provided the milk. Every morning and evening, farmers would bring their milk to the milk office where it would be weighed for fat content and then stored. The more fat content the milk has, then the more money you get. The storage tank holds 2000 liters! And every day, an Amul tanker comes up to pick up this milk. Soon after the farmers give their milk, they are immediately given money for the quality and quantity of the milk. Having a immediate income was really important, due to the fact that most farmers need money everyday to provide for their family and do everyday chores. They can’t rely on digitalized money because that can’t be used for everyday chores in most cases.

Ultimately, sustainability is a major idea that villages and towns and in general all forms of residential places have to take into account for. Clearly through farms and milk collection processing and profiting, sustainability in the village of Bhumel has reached self-survival. Though with many more other points, their main economy of milk illustrates a minimal reliance on other corporations.


Krish one of 8 students in Indiaspora’s inaugural HeritageINDIA Program. A unique, immersive, 3-week summer program, this initiative gives high school students of Indian descent the opportunity to connect to their ancestral homeland. Students experience and engage with India’s rich and diverse cultural history by completing hands-on projects, participating in stimulating discussions, and building friendships with a cohort that will share in this once-in-a-lifetime experience. With the exciting theme of India’s Riches: History, Culture, Diversity, & Democracy, students visit three areas of India that are geographically and culturally diverse, yet all very much represent India: New Delhi, Gujarat, and Kerala.